After going more than a month without sewer or water, the community of St. Michael can again access those services at the local health clinic and City building. About 10 miles of above-ground water and sewer lines in St. Michael froze up back in mid-January.
According to an Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium (ANTHC) press release, earlier this month, local water operators in St. Michael, with ANTHC’s support, were able to thaw out those main lines.
However, John Nichols, the Director of Rural Utility Management Services for ANTHC, says the lines were thawed out at the end of February, which required a lot of running water.
“The option that is usually used to thaw water and sewer lines is called jetting,” Nichols explained, “So essentially, you heat water and you run it through a high pressure hose, and essentially, you blast that heated water into the ice that’s on the inside of a pipe, and that’s used to thaw that pipe. Now, the downside of jetting is that it requires a fair bit of water, so, you’re using about 8 gallons of water a minute to thaw the ice.”
Nichols says in St. Michael there is a limited amount of water left in the storage tank which can’t be replenished until summer, and that played a role in the thawing process.
“So that’s why, in St. Michael, they selected community buildings that were closest to the water plant — to thaw the lines to those buildings and not thaw the entire system. Because, as we calculated, to thaw the entire system would have taken months and more water than the community had available, so this was a good way to get as much service as possible to the community while still conserving the water that they had,” Nichols reiterated.
ANTHC and Nichols suspect that the community’s lines froze after the water system was damaged due to melting permafrost and buildings’ foundations shifting.
In order to repair the damaged lines and prevent further freeze-ups going forward, Nichols says the Consortium is looking for funding from multiple sources.
“It’s going to require hundreds of thousands of dollars to thaw the system and then get that system repaired so we won’t have this problem again next year. And funding sources we are looking at,” Nichols listed, “we’ve looked at some emergency services funding, we’re looking at some community development block grant funding, and also looking at Norton Sound Economic Development Corporation to see if any funding might be available there.”
Residents of St. Michael are able to use showers at the City building; however, Nichols suspects full services won’t be restored to the community until later this summer.